Introduction to Phonology >> Content Detail

Study Materials



Kenstowicz, Michael. Phonology in Generative Grammar. Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell, 1994, Introduction, Chap. 2 and 3 (pp. 89-114).


Jakobson, Roman. Child Language, Aphasia and Phonological Universals. The Hague: Mouton, 1968/1941, pp. 46-67.

Greenberg, Joseph. "Some Generalizations Concerning Initial and Final Consonant Clusters." In Universals of Human Language. Vol. 2: Phonology. Edited by Joseph Greenberg. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1978, pp. 243-280.

Sommerstein, Allan. "On Phonotactically Motivated Rules." Journal of Linguistics 19 (1974): 71-94.

Ohala, John. "What's Cognitive and What's Not in Sound Change." In Diachrony within Synchrony: Language History and Cognition. Edited by G. Kellerman and M. Morrissey. Frankfurt: Peter Lang Verlag, 1992, pp. 309-355.

Autosegmental Phonology

Beckman, J. "Positional Faithfulness." PhD dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, 1997. (ROA-234,

McCarthy, J. "Feature Geometry and Dependency: A Review." Phonetica 43 (1988): 84-108.

Pulleyblank, D. "Vocalic Underspecification in Yoruba." Linguistic Inquiry 19, 2 (1988): 233-270.

Steriade, D. "Redundant Values." In Papers from the Twenty-Third Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistics Society. Vol. 2 (1987): 339-362.

Kenstowicz, M., and M. Kidda. "The Obligatory Contour Principle and Tangale Phonology." In Current Approaches to African Linguistics. Vol. IV. Edited by David Odden. Dordrecht, Holland: Foris Publications, 1987, pp. 223-238.

Zoll, C. "Positional Markedness, Positional Faithfulness and Licensing." Manuscript, MIT, 1998.


Kenstowicz, Michael. Phonology in Generative Grammar. Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell, 1994, pp. 250-298.

Steriade, Donca. "The Syllable." In International Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Edited by W. Bright. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992. (Volume being revised for new edition.)

Prince, Alan, and Paul Smolensky. "Optimality Theory: Constraint Interaction in Generative Grammar." Technical Report #2 of the Rutgers University Center for Cognitive Science, Rutgers University, 1993.

Dell, Francois, and Mohammed Elmedlaoui. "Syllabic Consonants in Berber, Some New Evidence." Journal of African Languages and Linguistics, 10 (1985): 1-17.

Hayes, Bruce. "Compensatory Lengthening in Moraic Phonology." Linguistic Inquiry, 20 (1989): 253-306.

Gordon, Matthew. "A Phonetically-driven Account of Syllable Weight." Language 78, 1 (March 2002): 51-80.  

Steriade, Donca. "Alternatives to Syllable-based Accounts of Consonantal Phonotactics." In Proceedings of LP 1998.  Edited by O. Fujimura, B. Joseph, and B. Palek. Prague: The Karolinum Press, 1999, pp. 205-245.


Kenstowicz, Michael. Phonology in Generative Grammar. Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell, 1994, chap. 10, pp. 548-66.

Hayes, Bruce. Metrical Stress Theory. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press, 1995.

Kenstowicz, Michael. "Cyclic and Noncyclic Constraint Evaluation." Phonology 12 (1995): 397-410.

Hung, Henrietta. "Iambicity, Rhythm, and Weak Parsing." Cahiers Linguistiques d'Ottawa 21 (1994): 78-102.

Kenstowicz, Michael. "Quality Sensitive Stress." Rivista di Linguistica 9 (1997): 157-88.


Kenstowicz, Michael. Phonology in Generative Grammar. Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell, 1994, pp. 622-633.

McCarthy, J., and A. Prince. "The Emergence of the Unmarked." (ROA-13. 47 pp.) In NELS 24: Proceedings of [the 1993 meeting of] the Northeastern Linguistic Society. Vol. 2. Edited by Mercè Gonzàlez. Amherst, MA: GLSA, 1994, pp. 333-379.

McCarthy, J., and A. Prince. "Faithfulness and Reduplicative Identity." (ROA-60. 137 pp.) In Papers in Optimality Theory. Edited by Jill Beckman, Suzanne Urbanczyk, and Laura Walsh. University of Massachusetts occasional papers, no. 18. Amherst : GLSA, UMASS, 1995.

Steriade, Donca. "Reduplication and Syllable Copying in Sanskrit and Elsewhere." Phonology 5 (1988): 73-156.


McCarthy, John. "Feature Geometry and Dependency: A Review." Phonetica 45 (1988): 84-108.

Nonconcatenative Morphology

McCarthy, J. "A Prosodic Theory of Nonconcatenative Morphology." Linguistic Inquiry 12 (1981): 373-418.

Rose, S. "Rethinking Geminates, Long-Distance Geminates, and the OCP." Linguistic Inquiry 31, 1 (2000): 85-122.



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